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About 35,000 people die from drug-resistant infection in the US. What are we going to do?
When antibiotics first achieved widescale use in the middle of the 20th century, they had a tremendous impact. For example, the mortality rate in England from infectious disease dropped from 25% in 1…
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Nasal nanoSTING vaccines may Provide Lasting Protection Against SARS-CoV-2
All successful vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 have used the spike protein as the target and delivered the vaccine by intramuscular injection, typically a shot in the left or right shoulder. The vaccines…
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Probiotic Bacterium can prevent antibiotic use side effects
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine demonstrate the power of probiotics. A test group was given Bifidobacterium lactis BB-12 as they took a course of amoxicillin clavula…
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The CDC publishes another study that shows the protection that vaccination provides against COVID-19
The CDC is out with another recent study comparing the incidence rate of COVID-19 in unvaccinated vs. vaccinated individuals. It is mostly good news. The vaccine protects against infection, hospitali…
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No, that is NOT what the study says -- Immunity to COVID
I am getting tired of the scare tactics that news and media sources are using to get you to click on headlines. Headlines in some press releases drive me bananas: New study: Nursing home residents,…
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Category Number of Questions
Chapter 2 - - Fundamental concepts that are important for understanding microbiology
Chapter 1 - The Relevance and History of Microbiology
Chapter 3 - Cell Structure and Organization
Chapter 13 - Basic Virology and Prokaryotic Viruses
Chapter 4 - The central dogma
Chapter 5 - Microbial Nutrition
Chapter 6 - Microbial Growth
Chapter 7 - Control of Microbes
Chapter 8 - Metabolism
Chapter 9 - Photosynthesis
Chapter 10 - Anabolism
Chapter 11 - Regulation of Metabolism
Chapter 12 - Genomics and Genetics
Chapter 14 - Host-Microbe Interactions
Chapter 15 - Immunity - Introduction and Innate Immunity
Chapter 16 - Immunity - Adaptive Immunity and Errors of the Immune System
Chapter 17 - Treatment and Prevention of Disease
Chapter 18 - Introduction to Pathogens and Airborne and Contact Transmission
Chapter 19 - Fecal to Oral Transmission
Chapter 20 - Sexually Transmitted Disease and Those Transmitted by Blood and Body Fluids
Chapter 21 - Vector Borne and Other Diseases
Chapter 22 - Evolution: Implications for Microbiology
Chapter 23 - Eukaryotic Microbial Diversity
Chapter 29 - Archaeal Diversity
Chapter 28 - Bacterial Diversity
Chapter 26 - Microbial Ecology
Chapter 27 - Applied Microbiology
Chapter 28 - Appendix A: Microbial Methods